Web presence impacts business performance like night follows day. A successful website helps companies attract clients, and offer what they want. And over the past decade, web development practices have changed. Back-end programming became more and more advanced, and new trends and approaches are emerging.
The last ten years focused on web page security, cloud-based solutions, accessibility, and mobile app advancements. The current decade is transitioning toward ongoing improvements, technological adaptability, and interconnectedness. Knowing what is going on is essential if you want to be successful.
Let’s look at the current back-end web development trends and what’s changing.
For a long time, if you wanted to create a web application, you first had to buy the server hardware yourself, which was both time-consuming and expensive. Serverless computing is a way to offer back-end services only when they are needed. It means that to develop and deploy web applications, serverless providers remove the burden of maintaining their servers. When your application development doesn’t require the server, you can run the code on cloud solutions such as AWS, Lambda, or Azure.
The phrase “serverless” may be a bit misleading since these back-end services are still provided by servers. However, the vendor takes care of all infrastructure and server space. Serverless means that developers don’t have to worry about servers at all while doing their work.
Due to the high cost of traditional cloud backend services (server allocation), users of serverless computing don’t have to pay for any space or CPU time that they don’t need. It’s also easier for developers to scale up their code while utilizing serverless architecture because there are no policy considerations. That’s why the usage of serverless architecture will likely become more popular in the near future.
PWAs – Progressive Web Apps
The web is a unique place to build software because it can be used on many different devices and operating systems. It also has a security model that puts the user first. When you go to a website, it’s always up-to-date, and you can make your time there as short-lived or long-lived as you want. With a single codebase, web apps can be used by anyone, anywhere, and on any device.
PWA (Progressive Web App) uses current APIs to give better functionality, stability, and installability to everyone, anytime, on any device, all from a single codebase. They are becoming increasingly popular. With this technology, you can make websites that look like apps quickly. They look like smartphone apps, but they are not the same. At their core, PWAs are just web apps but they have the added benefit of feeling like real mobile apps. They are in the plans of many companies who want to update their websites and meet users’ new needs.
Both serverless computing and containers let developers build apps with much less overhead and more flexibility than apps hosted on normal servers. A container holds both an application and all the things it needs to run properly so you can use serverless containers to deploy APIs and host websites. Containers can be easily moved and used wherever they are needed.
To some extent, containers allow programmers to have more control over the software’s running environment and the languages and libraries that are used (but they also need more maintenance). Because of this, containers are highly beneficial for transferring legacy programs to the cloud, as it is feasible to more nearly reproduce the running environment in the cloud.
Single Page Application
Single-page applications (also known as SPAs) dynamically update the body content of a single web page when new material needs to be shown. The software has a beneficial effect on the UX (user experience) and greatly improves the performance of the website. Users may utilize websites without having to download full new pages from the server, resulting in performance improvements and dynamic experiences They’ve been available for a long time, but just recently became popular. It’s a very good solution for e-commerce as customers hate waiting. They like fast sites that don’t take hours to load.
In an API-first approach, APIs are treated as first-class citizens throughout the development process. As a result, all of your development is done with API in mind. Through the use of APIs, businesses may segment their capabilities into discrete, self-contained services. Companies may also develop and manage apps for all platforms and devices using an API-first strategy. This method allows establishing APIs that can be used by any application, regardless of platform, device, or operating system. Even though web APIs have been present for almost two decades, the term “API first” has only recently acquired momentum among software development teams in general.
Accelerated Mobile Pages
As the name implies, they are accelerated mobile sites and are essentially a method of developing them that dramatically enhances their speed. With Accelerated Mobile Pages (AMP), you get a lightning-fast experience that is simpler to read and more engaging for mobile consumers. For the time being, Google favors AMP as it’s a framework that is compatible with a variety of Google services. While AMP is not a ranking criterion for search engine optimization, it does provide a quick and dependable online experience.
A microservice is a piece of software that is meant to run on its own. The use of microservices allows for faster and more scalable applications to be delivered. There are many different types of microservices, and they may be utilized with serverless apps or APIs for modularity. Small, independent services may be established using this modularity. They may be written in any programming language and any data storage mechanism because they don’t have any dependencies.
It is common to refer to the utilization of microservices as “cloud-native”. Instead of focusing just on microservices, the cloud-native strategy includes current software development methodologies, as well as containers, orchestrators, and other technologies. Changing a single microservice does not affect the rest of the application since each service is self-contained and conducts its operations. A single application may have hundreds or thousands of microservices. With the ability to design, deploy and scale each microservice on its own, it is possible for IT teams to make changes rapidly so that they can keep up with their rivals in the market.
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Taking advantage of back-end development trends
Using these trends for back-end development in 2022 will help you remain on top of the market and build a server-side website or app that offers the finest user experience. Although the most recent development trends may be challenging, they also provide plenty of options to produce a flawless product and give users a tailored, optimized, and seamless experience. That’s why it’s important to find a technology partner that follows leading trends and helps you implement them.